The one and only best example of diversification and vividness is only one nation and that is India. India, the proud owner of famous world heritage sites, definitely catches attention of millions of visitors round the world. These heritage sites are the mirror of our cultural and natural heritages. Some of the best famed monuments in India have been picked up by UNESCO so as to encourage preservation and protection of cultural sites that have outstanding values to the humanity. A visit to such astonishing places makes us remind of our cultural and heritage values and our glorious history. It also gives us the opportunity to listen to the grand describing of the spectacular monuments and its historical significances.
Knowledge of some of the most popular heritage caves in India will definitely drag us to make a glorious visit to such places. Let us have a look on them:
Built in two phases, Ajanta Caves are being categorized as the world heritage site by UNESCO. The caves of Ajanta portray decorated paintings, murals and sculptures that are the reminiscent of the Sigiriya paintings in Sri Lanka and are of Buddhist heritage since Buddhism prevailed during that period. Earlier it was built in 2nd century BC and then during the 5th and 6th century AD of the Gupta period some additions were made. There are 31 rock cut cave monuments which are the unique representation of Buddhism.
Also known as Ellora Complex, Ellora caves are the supreme cultural amalgamation of the religious art of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism. One can find 34 monasteries and temples sculpted eloquently into the rock walls of a high basalt cliff. Built during 600 to 1000 AD, the caves perfectly reflect the artistic creation of the ancient civilization of India. It is India’s most renowned and acknowledged cultural property that has been enrolled under the UNESCO World Heritage list.
The Elephanta Caves are the series of sculpted caves located beside the Arabian Sea on Elephanta Island and is 10 km away from the city of Mumbai in Mumbai Harbour. The Elephanta Caves are being distinguished into two groups, the first one is a large group of five Hindu caves and the second one is the smaller group of two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves are the reflection of God Shiva in the form of rock cut stone sculptures to represent the Shaiva Hindu Sect. The rock cut architecture of the caves is depicted to be built during 5th and 8th centuries. It was being renovated in the year 1970 and for the sake of the preservation of these unique art structures, the caves were nominate as the World Heritage Site.
It is a magnificent monument of rock paintings within the natural rock shelters situated in the foot hills of the Vindhya ranges of Madhya Pradesh. Bhimbetka has been named after Bhim Vatika or Garden of Bhima and consists of about 600 rock shelters that date back to 5500-100 BC. This rock shelter brings Asia’s richest collection of prehistoric paintings to reflect the history of the great epic Mahabharata.