Kaziranga National Park

About Park

Famous for its one horn rhino and other endangered animals, Kaziranga lies in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam. Having more than 75% of the entire global population of one horned rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park is a bastion of diversity and coz of this it has been declared a world heritage site in Dec 1985.

Fauna

Kaziranga is home of many significant breeding population, Important animals at Kaziranga are Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros , Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo and Eastern Swamp Deer, Tigers, elephants, gaur and sambar. Small herbivores include the Indian Muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer.

Kaziranga has the highest density of tigers in the world, and it declared a tiger reserve in 2006, other species of wild cats, such as Leopards, Jungle Cat and Fishing Cat. Small mammals include the rare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badgers, and Particolored flying squirrels. Nine of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the park. Prominent among them are the Assamese Macaque, Capped, Golden Langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon. Kaziranga's rivers are also home to the endangered Ganges Dolphin.

Birds:

Kaziranga is house of many habitat and migratory birds. Birds such as the Lesser White-fronted Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Baer's Pochard duck and Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Black-necked Stork, and Asian Openbill stork migrate from Central Asia to the park during winter. Riverine birds include the Blyth's Kingfisher, White-bellied Heron, Dalmatian Pelican, Spot-billed Pelican, Nordmann's Greenshank, and Black-bellied Tern. Birds of prey include the rare Eastern Imperial, Greater Spotted, White-tailed, Pallas's Fish Eagle, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, and the Lesser Kestrel, Indian Vulture, Slender-billed Vulture, and Indian White-rumped Vulture,Game birds include the Swamp Francolin, Bengal Florican, and Pale-capped Pigeon.

Other families of birds inhabiting Kaziranga include the Great Indian Hornbill and Wreathed Hornbill, Old World babblers such as Jerdon's and Marsh Babblers, weaver birds such as the common Baya Weaver, threatened Finn's Weavers, thrushes such as Hodgson's Bushchat and Old World warblers such as the Bristled Grassbird. Other threatened species include the Black-breasted Parrotbill and the Rufous-vented Prinia.

Reptiles :

Reticulated Python and Rock Python two biggest snake in the world as well as the longest venomous snake in the world, the King Cobra, inhabit the park. Other snakes found here include the Indian Cobra, Monocled Cobra, Russell's Viper, and the Common Krait. Monitor lizard species found in the park include the Bengal monitor and the Water Monitor. Other reptiles include fifteen species of turtle, such as the endemic Assam Roofed Turtle and one species of tortoise, the Brown Tortoise. 42 species of fish are found in the area, including the Tetraodon.

Flora

Four main types of vegetation exist in the park. These are alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests. Based on Landsat data for 1986, percent coverage by vegetation is: tall grasses 41%, short grasses 11%, open jungle 29%, swamps 4%, rivers and water bodies 8%, and sand 6%.[32]

Safari Timing

Jeep Safari Timings:

Morning Jeep Safari Afternoon Jeep Safari
07: 09:30 13:30: 15:30

Elephant Safari :

Start Very early morning and continues for 1-1&1/2 hrs.

Range Morning session Afternoon session
Burapahar Range, Ghorakati 5:30 to 7:30 15:00 to 16:00
Eastern Range, Agaratoli 5:30 to 7:30 15:00 to 16:00
Kazirana Range, Kohora 5:30 to 7:30 15:00 to 16:00
Western Range, Bagori 5:30 to 7:30 15:00 to 16:00

Best Time to Visit:

Kaziranga National park open for visitors from 01st Nov till 30thApril every year.

Clothing

Nov-Feb : It is advisable to carry heavy woollen cloths.
March-April: It is advisable to carry light woollen cloths for safaris and light cotton cloths for daytime.

*Don't forget to take Mosquito repellent, prescription medicines, comfortable shoes and your camera.

Travel Information

How to Reach

By Air

Nearest Airport Distance from Kohora, Kaziranga Travel Time ( Airport to Park)
Rowroya Airport, Jorhat. 97 Kms 02 Hrs
Gopinath Bordoloi Airport, Borjhar, Guwahati 250 Kms 5-6 Hrs

By Train

Nearest Station Distance from Kohora, Kaziranga Travel Time ( Station to Park)
Jakhalabandha 40 Kms 01 Hrs

By Road :
Kohara gate of Kaziranga National park is well connected with Jorhat , Jakhabandha and Guwhati.